Brompton-on-Swale C.E. Primary School
Having the courage to shine

Help with Phonics

What is Phonics?

Phonics is a way of teaching children to read quickly and skilfully.

They are taught how to:

  • recognise the sounds that each individual letter makes;
  • identify the sounds that different combinations of letters make - such as ‘sh’ or ‘oo’; and
  • blend these sounds together from left to right to make a word.

Children can then use this knowledge to ‘de-code’ new words that they hear or see. This is the first important step in learning to read.

Phonics Wings

Our Phonics Wings award scheme is a motivational scheme for our younger children in order to encourage them to learn the skills they need in order to be able to read and spell. It is based on the ‘Letters and Sounds’ document, produced by the Department for Education. The award scheme replicates the phases from this document. There is no ‘Phase 1’ award as this phase is designed to develop speaking and listening skills and support oral blending and segmenting across all phonic phases.


These two downloads may help parents and carers to support their children with their phonics targets at home.

Phonics Targets Explained... provides further detail about each target so that so can be clear about what they need to be able to do and can practice at home.

Glossary of Terms... Confused about some of the words your child is using?  Look them up in this useful glossary!